Irish Surname - Murray
Murray is an extremely common surname throughout Ireland, being among the top twenty most numerous. It can be of Scottish or Irish origin. The Scottish origins of the name applied to people from the region in Scotland, called Moray, which means "settlement by the sea" - the Irish Muireb means 'seafarer'. The earliest recorded ancestor of this family was Hugh Freskin, a Flemish nobleman, who had crossed the North Sea in 1130 and was granted lands along the Moray Firth coastline. His descendants took their name from his property.
The probable Irish origin of the surname is that it derives from the ancient Gaelic name "O'Muireadhaigh", meaning descendant of Muireadhach; or Mac Giolla Mhuire "descendant of the servant of the Virgin Mary". Some Irish Murrays were of Scottish origin, particularly those of Ulster stock. The native Irish Murrays date from an earlier time, most likely from the ancient Siol Muiredhaighs who were mainly in northern Roscommon. Their clan seat was at Moate Park in Ballymurray, but this was confiscated by the English in the late 17th century. Other places connected with the Murray surname include Cloonmurray and Kilmurray. Descendants of the Roscommon O'Muireadhaigh sept anglicised their name to Murray in the 17th century. Murry, Morrow and McIlmurray are other anglicised variants.
Apart from the Roscommon clan, a separate family of the same name are recorded in the barony of Carbery in Cork. MacMuireachaidh, anglicised as Murray and MacMorrow, is found in County Leitrim and north County Down. County Wicklow was also a Murray region, but these were Scots Catholics who had fled Scotland after the defeat at Culloden.
In Griffiths Valuation c1850s, there were 4455 Murray households, well dispersed throughout Ireland. County Cork had 356 households, Roscommon (278), Down (277) Galway (262) and Meath (235). The McMurrays - 248 households - were mainly in the north east of the country.
Tout Prêt = Quite Ready
Donogh O'Murry of the Roscommon sept was Archbishop of Tuam from 1458 to 1484, and responsible for the establishment of that unique ecclesiastical jurisdiction, the Wardenship of Galway.
Bartholomew Murray (1695-1767), of County Clare was a generous benefactor of the Irish College in Paris.
Alternate Surname Spellings
Researching Irish Surnames
We have researched many sources for the origins of Irish surnames and extracted a fair representation of the origins of each. As there are many variations we have compiled a representative, but by no means exhaustive, selection.
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