Irish Surname - Clark or Clarke
The name Clery / O'Clery, often anglicised to Clarke or Clark, is one of the oldest surnames in Ireland.
The surname is believed to derive from cleric, clerk, or scholar - one who can read and write. The Gaelic "Mac a' Chlerich/Cleireach", means son of the cleric or, sometimes, clerk. During the Middle Ages, a common pronunciation of 'er' was 'ar', so the man who kept the books might have been referred to as the 'clark'. At that time almost the only people who were able to read and write were members of religious orders and some of these minor orders were allowed to marry and have families. It was therefore natural that the term 'clark' or 'clerk' would come to be used of any literate man, particularly the professional secretary and the scholar.
One of the first native Gaelic O'Cleirigh clans were initially located in County Galway but soon dispersed to other parts of the country especially Counties Donegal and Dublin where the majority of descendants can still be found.
In 1890 Clarke was the 32nd most common surname in Ireland and there were approximately 15,400 people with this name. Counties in which this surname is most commonly found: Antrim, Cavan, Dublin, Louth and Mayo.
Clark Family Coat of Arms
The family Coat of Arms is a blue shield, with a gold fess between a gold castle in chief, and a gold crescent in base.
The Clarke Motto: In Deo speravi - "In God have I trusted".
Alternate Surname Spellings
Clarke, Clerk, Clerke
There is often limited information available on a specific coat of arms and motto for an Irish surname. Sometimes there are many variations, sometimes none, we have compiled a representative, but by no means exhaustive, selection. Please visit our Coat of Arms and Motto page for more information.
DNA And Your Irish Roots
- DNA and your Irish Heritage
- DNA, Discovery and Functions
- Types of DNA tests
- DNA testing companies
- Y-chromosome and Father's Ancestral Line
- Mitochondrial DNA and Mother's Ancestral Line
- DNA and Ethnicity
Ireland Roots Message Board
Please leave a message on our Facebook page if you're researching this surname.